Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
In most cases, a Canadian employer wishing to hire a foreign worker must first receive a positive LMIA. This comes in the form of a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA, formerly known LMO).
The LMIA process is different depending on whether the targeted employee is classified as “high-wage” or “low-wage” or “Express Entry – Permanent Residency Supporting”.
Temporary foreign workers being paid under the provincial/territorial median wage are considered low-wage, while those being paid at or above are considered high-wage.
If a temporary foreign worker is eligible to immigrate Canada through Express Entry and the prospective employer meets certain conditions, you may apply for Permanent Residency Supporting LMIA.
All Canadian employers must provide evidence that they have attempted to find qualified Canadian citizens or permanent residents to fill job positions before turning to foreign workers.
Successful LMIA applications are detailed, logical and well-articulated pieces of business communication; they are not just a stack of application forms and a few job postings. Obtaining a positive LMIA takes a keen attention to detail and an extensive amount of work. By ensuring that guidelines are followed carefully and making a clear position to the Program Officer, the chance of receiving a favorable result will be greatly increased.
Global Settlement Consulting Inc. specializes in the preparation of LMIA and Canadian work permits. We handle over few hundreds cases a year.
1. Low-Wage Workers
|Median Hourly Wages by Province/Territory|
|Province/Territory||Wages prior to
2014 Wage ($/hour)
|Wages as of
2015 Wage ($/hour)
|Newfoundland and Labrador||$21.12||$20.91|
|Prince Edward Island||$17.49||$18.00|
|Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, 2014 and 2015|
Recruitment and advertisement
- pay for round-trip transportation for the temporary foreign worker;
- ensure affordable housing is available;
- pay for private health insurance until workers are eligible for provincial health coverage;
- register the temporary foreign worker with the provincial/territorial workplace safety board; and
- provide an employer-employee contract.
2. High-Wage Workers
Recruitment and advertisement
3. Permanent Residency Supporting LMIA
- Job offer (signed by the employer and the foreign worker);
- Proof of recruitment (e.g. copy of advertisement and information to support where, when and for how long the position was advertised);
- Business registration or legal incorporation documents (if first LMIA application);
- Provincial/territorial/municipal business licence (where applicable and if first LMIA application);
Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) documents, including:
- T4 Summary of Remuneration Paid (most current year ending)
- PD7A Statement of Account for current source deductions (for 12-month period preceding LMIA application)
- Schedules 100 and 125 – T2 Corporation Income Tax Return (for corporations only – 2 most recent returns filed)
- T2125 Statement of Business or Professional Activities (for sole proprietorships/partnerships only – 2 most recent returns filed)
- Commercial lease agreement (if applicable)