Canada Temporary Work Permit
Labour Market Impact Assessment
A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker.
A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job. A positive LMIA is sometimes called a confirmation letter.
Once an employer gets the LMIA, the worker can apply for a work permit.
- a job offer letter,
- a contract,
- a copy of the LMIA, and
- the LMIA number.
Labour Market Impact Assessment exemptions
Provincial LMIA Exemptions
Federal–provincial or territorial foreign worker agreements, or foreign worker annexes to broader federal–provincial or territorial immigration agreements, include provisions that allow work permits to be issued without requiring a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) for certain temporary employment positions.
Given the time-sensitive nature of the LMIA-exempt work permits required in relation to Exceptional and Unforeseen events, officers are instructed to process work permit applications on an urgent basis.
Duration: The duration of the work permit should not exceed 120 days.
Extensions: Extensions may be granted on a case-by-case basis. A new LMIA exemption support letter from the province or territory is required.
Fees: The employer is required to submit the offer of employment and pay the employer compliance fee.
Field remarks/system notes: Officers must indicate “Canada-(insert foreign worker annex or agreement)-Exceptional and Unforeseen Events”.
Canada-International Non-Trade Agreements
French-Speaking Skilled Workers
Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWP)
The PGWPP allows students who have graduated from a participating Canadian post-secondary institution to gain valuable Canadian work experience.
A work permit under the PGWPP may be issued for the length of the study program, up to a maximum of three years
Determine your eligibility – PGWP
- You must have continuously studied full time in Canada and you must have completed a program of study that lasted at least eight months.
In addition, you must have graduated from:
- a public post-secondary institution, such as a college, trade/technical school, university or CEGEP (in Quebec), or
- a private post-secondary institution that operates under the same rules and regulations as public institutions, or
- a private secondary or post-secondary institution (in Quebec) offering qualifying programs of 900 hours or longer leading to a diplôme d’étudesprofessionnelles (DEP) or an attestation de spécialisation professionnelle(ASP), or
- a Canadian private institution authorized by provincial statute to confer degrees but only if you are enrolled in one of the programs of study leading to a degree as authorized by the province and not in all programs of study offered by the private institution.
- You must apply for a work permit within 90 days of receiving written confirmation(for example, a transcript or an official letter) from your institution indicating that you have met the requirements for completing your academic program.
- You must have completed and passed the program of study and received a notification that you are eligible to obtain your degree, diploma or certificate.
- You must have a valid study permit when you apply for the work permit.
- Be 18 years of age or older at the time of application
Impact of length of the studies in Canada and the length of the work permit
A Post-Graduation Work Permit cannot be valid longer than the length of your studies in Canada.
If the official length of your program of study is:
less than eight monthsyou are not eligible for this program
less than two years but more than eight monthsyou may get a work permit for a period no longer than the length of your program of study (for example, if you studied for nine months, a work permit may be issued for a period of nine months)
two years or morea work permit may be issued for three years
Open Work Permit
Your spouse or common-law partner may apply for a work permit if:
You are a full-time student at:
- a public post-secondary institution, such as a college or university or collèged’enseignement général et professionnel (CEGEP) in Quebec
- a private post-secondary institution that operates under the same rules and regulations as a public institution, and receives at least 50 percent of its financing for its overall operations from government grants (currently, only private college-level educational institutions in Quebec qualify) or
- a Canadian private institution authorized by provincial statute to confer degrees
- you have a valid study permit
You have a work permit for a job in National Occupation Classification O, A, B:
- The principal temporary foreign worker has employment in Canada. The skill level of the principal temporary foreign worker’s job must be level 0, A or B, according to the National Occupational Classification (NOC).
- the principal temporary foreign worker is permitted to work in Canada for a period of at least six months.
Bridging Open Work Permit (BOWP)
Qualifying foreign nationals currently in Canada who meet program eligibility requirements may be considered for a work permit to bridge the gap between the expiry of their current work permit and the final decision on their application for permanent residence (APR). They must have submitted an application for permanent residence under one of the following classes:
International Experience Canada
International Experience Canada (IEC) offers you a unique opportunity to gain valuable work experience while travelling abroad. Citizens of countries with a bilateral youth mobility arrangement with Canada who are between 18 and 35 years old may be eligible for IEC work permits.
Open Work Permit
Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWP)
International Experience Canada:
Check application processing times: